What Is Ritalin Oral Medication?
Ritalin Oral, also known as methylphenidate is a central nervous system stimulant that affects chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control. Avoid using Ritalin if you are suffering from glaucoma, tics or Tourette’s syndrome, or severe anxiety, tension, and agitation.
Ritalin was first made in 1944 and was identified as a stimulant in 1954. It was synthesized by Ciba (now Novartis) chemist Leandro Panizzon. He named the drug after his wife’s name: Rita, who used Ritalin to compensate for low blood pressure.
Ritalin is the brand name for methylphenidate, which is classified by the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) as a Schedule II narcotic it has the same classification as cocaine, morphine, and amphetamines. Ritalin is mostly abused by teens for its stimulant effects.
Same as Adderall, Ritalin is used to treat attention deficit disorder (ADD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and narcolepsy. Take this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it, take it at the same time each day.
Important Facts About Ritalin Oral Medication.
Ritalin is produced and sold in the majority of countries Worldwide. Countries like the United States, Switzerland, Mexico, Spain, Pakistan, India, and Sweden. In the United States, Ritalin is sold at much lower volumes
Ritalin (methylphenidate) brand names include Concerta, Medikinet, Adaphen, Addwize, Artige, Cognil, Equasym, Inspiral, Attenta, Methylin, Penid, Phenida, Prohiper, and Tradea. Its generic forms are produced by numerous pharmaceutical companies throughout the World.
Ritalin oral (Methylphenidate) may be habit-forming, and this medicine is a drug of abuse. Tell your doctor if you have had problems with drug or alcohol abuse.
Immediately Ritalin is induced in the system, it lasts about 4–6 hours before a person needs another dosage. While the extended-release forms of methylphenidate like Concerta may last for 10 to 14 hours. The half-life of methylphenidate ranges from one to 4 hours.
Furthermore, unlike Cocaine, Heroin, MDMA, Ritalin is a stimulant that has caused stroke, heart attack, and sudden death in people with high blood pressure, heart disease, or a heart defect so it should not be tampered with if the user is not used to it.
Again, Methylphenidate may cause new or worsening psychosis (unusual thoughts or behavior), especially if the user has a history of any mental illness, depression, or bipolar disorder. Ritalin users may have blood circulation problems that can cause pain or discoloration in your fingers or toes.
To make sure that Ritalin is safe for you, it is advisable to tell your doctor if you or anyone in your family has ever had:
- depression, mental illness, bipolar disorder, psychosis, or suicidal thoughts or actions;
- motor tics (muscle twitches) or Tourette’s syndrome;
- blood circulation problems in the hands or feet;
- seizures or epilepsy;
- problems with the esophagus, stomach, or intestines.
Also, Ritalin has many names in the streets. some street names for Ritalin are:
. Diet Coke
NB: Call your doctor right away if you have: signs of heart problems – chest pain, feeling light-headed or short of breath; signs of paranoia, aggression, new behavior problems, seeing or hearing things that are not real; signs of circulation problems – unexplained wounds on your fingers or toes.
How Does Ritalin Looks Like?
Ritalin comes in small pills, about the size and shape of aspirin tablets, with the stamp “Ciba” from the manufacturer’s name. The tablets vary depending on the milligrams. The 5mg tablets are pale yellow, 10mg tablets are pale green, and the 20mg tablets are both white and pale yellow.
It should be noted that multiple images may be displayed for medicines available in different strengths, sold under different brand names, or manufactured by different pharmaceutical companies.
Is Ritalin Different From Adderall?
Yes! Ritalin is different from Adderall even though both drugs work in similar ways to treat ADHD. They also share the same side effects. However, they have important differences these differences are discussed below:
Firstly, despite the fact that Ritalin and Adderall are both stimulants, these 2 drugs have different active ingredients. The drug in Ritalin is methylphenidate hydrochloride. Adderall, on the other hand, is a combination of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. Ritalin and Adderall medications are effective in calming the symptoms of ADHD.
Even though Ritalin works quicker and reaches the peak of its performance than Adderall does, both drugs work by increasing the availability of the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and dopamine in your Central Nervous System (CNS) connections. Which in turn speeds up your brain activity.
How To Use Ritalin Oral Medication.
Take Ritalin pills are by mouth as directed by your doctor, mostly 2 or 3 times a day will do. Ritalin is best taken 30 to 45 minutes before a meal. However, if you have a stomach problem, you may take this medication with or after a meal or snack. Taking this medication late in the day may cause insomnia.
Again, Ritalin is not approved for use by anyone younger than 6 years old and so should always be kept out of the reach of children, and should never be shared with others and should be used only for the indication prescribed.
Most Ritalin users take Ritalin by dissolving the tablets in water and “cooked” for intravenous injection. Some ingredients are added to Ritalin pills to increase their size. These ingredients are “inert” when taken by mouth and can cause serious problems when injected.
Ritalin users should avoid crushing, chewing, or breaking an extended-release tablet. This is so because breaking the tablet may cause too much of the drug to be released at one time.
Before using Ritalin oral, It is important to know whether Ritalin will harm an unborn baby, this goes particularly to pregnant women. So it’s advisable to tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant so that your name may be listed on a pregnancy registry to track the effects of Ritalin on the baby.
Ritalin oral medication may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
How Is Ritalin Misused?
Ritalin, which increases the concentration of certain neurotransmitters in the brain that control reasoning, and other behaviors, it is mostly misused by university and college students as a “study enhancer” since they think it helps them focus better.
Most people misuse Ritalin in other to get high. This is done by crushing it into a powder form and snorted or dissolved and injected.
Again, Ritalin is misused when users abstain from their regular doses. That is they missed or skip their normal doses. Even when they remember, some still avoid taking it and some take it when its already past its time.
Ritalin users are likely to suffer from the following side effects:
Difficulty breathing, swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat, a seizure (convulsions), muscle twitches (tics), changes in your vision, penis erection that is painful or lasts 4 hours or longer (rare).
Some common Ritalin side effects may include:
- mood changes, feeling nervous or irritable, sleep problems (insomnia),
- fast heart rate, pounding heartbeats or fluttering in your chest, increased blood pressure,
- loss of appetite, weight loss,
- dry mouth, nausea, stomach pain; or
- excessive sweating.
Other Side Effects Of Ritalin occurs when users feel:
- chest pain, trouble breathing, feeling like you might pass out;
- hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not real), new behavior problems, aggression, hostility, paranoia;
- numbness, pain, cold feeling, unexplained wounds, or skin color changes (pale, red, or blue appearance) in your fingers or toes;
- Also, Ritalin can affect growth in children. So always tell your doctor if your child is not growing at a normal rate while using this medicine.