What Is methadone?
The methadone is an opioid analgesic synthesized in 1937 by the Germans Max Bockmühl and Gustav Ehrhart home IG Farben. Methadone is an opioid medication. An opioid is sometimes called a narcotic. Methadone reduces withdrawal symptoms in people addicted to heroin or other narcotic drugs without causing the “high” associated with drug addiction. Methadone is used as a pain reliever and as part of drug addiction detoxification and maintenance programs. It is available only from a certified pharmacy.
Methadone medication has been used since 1960 as an opiate substitute in heroin users under the leadership of Vincent Dole. Its use has been legal in countries like Belgium, Switzerland, and France since 1995. In general, the mixture of the D and L isomers is used, this, although the activity sought, is due almost entirely to the L form. As a narcotic analgesic, methadone is used to relieve severe pain.
NB: Depending on the legislation in force in each country, the medical prescription of methadone may be subject to the laws on the prescription of psychotropic substances.
How To Use Methadone Pills?
Methadone pills can be taken by mouth, injected into a muscle or under the skin, or given as an infusion into a vein. A Doctor may teach you how to properly use an injection by yourself. Use the dosing syringe provided, or use a medicine dose-measuring device. Dissolve the dispersible tablet in water, orange juice, or other citrus-flavored non-alcoholic beverage.
When methadone medication is used as part of a treatment program for drug addiction or detoxification, your doctor may recommend that your dose be given to you by a family member or other caregiver. Store at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light. Keep track of your medicine. Methadone is a drug of abuse and you should be aware if anyone is using it improperly.
Methadone medication is also prescribed for moderate to severe pain. It is also commonly used to treat opiate addictions, especially addiction to heroin. Methadone acts on the same opioid receptors as morphine and heroin to stabilize patients and minimize withdrawal symptoms in the case of addiction.
NB: Methadone medication is a Schedule II drug, meaning it has a legitimate legal use but also a high likelihood of its users developing a dependence. This also means that it is illegal to use methadone to get high, and abuse can lead to severe mental impairment and physical dependence. Other Schedule II drugs include hydrocodone and morphine pills
How Does Methadone Work?
Methadone medication belongs to a class of drugs called opioids. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. These drugs are often used to treat similar conditions. Methadone works on pain receptors in your body. It reduces how much pain you feel. Methadone can also replace another opioid drug that you’re addicted to. This will keep you from having severe withdrawal symptoms.
What Are The Side Effects Of Methadone Consumption In Switzerland?
Methadone consumption comes with a lot of side effects same like other opioid analgesic medications, these side effects can be further divided into common and more serious effects. Methadone users in Switzerland have reported the following common side effects of methadone consumption; constipation, nausea, sleepiness, vomiting, tiredness, headache, dizziness, stomach pain, and some few more.
The aforementioned side effects of methadone consumption in Switzerland are mild and may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. Serious side effects
More serious side effects of Methadone consumption include;
- Respiratory depression with common symptoms like; shortness of breath, chest pain, lightheadedness, slowed breathing, dizziness, etc.
- Orthostatic hypotension Symptoms can include; low blood pressure, dizziness or lightheadedness, fainting.
- Addiction and withdrawal syndrome when stopping the drug. Symptoms can include; restlessness, irritability or anxiousness, trouble sleeping, increased blood pressure, fast breathing rate, fast heart rate, teary eyes, runny nose, yawning, taking more of the drug than prescribed, taking the drug regularly even if you don’t need it, ignoring regular duties, etc.